Exploring Psychology Ch 3

Classical Conditioning – a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus (US) begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. Also called Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.
hypothalamus – a neural structure lying below (hypo) the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward.
Preoperational Stage – 2-7 Years. At this stage, kids learn through pretend play but still struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people.
reactivity – act differently when looked at
parallel processing – includes top-bottom & bottom-top processing
Reticular Formation – section of the brain that regulates attention, alertness, and sleep
The first psychology laboratory was established at the University of Leipzig by ________ in the year 1879. – Wilhelm Wundt
Pitch – auditory experience corresponding to the frequency of sound vibrations, resulting in a higher or lower tone; humans respond to 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz
When your body is behaving appropriately your immune system recognizes your _____ and does _____.
Rewards – Positive reinforcement.
Interneurons – Neurons within the brain and spinal cord that communicate internally and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs.
hormones – The chemical substances released by the endocrine glands.
correlation – the degree of relationship between two variables
latent learning – Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it.
conformity – changing one's own behavior to match that of other people
Perception is the key – Gestalt
When yоur bоdy is behаving аpprоpriаtely your immune system recognizes your _____ and does _____.
Biological approach – assumes that all mental disorders are physical and therefore can be treated physically
association areas – areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking
Lucid Dreaming – Awareness that a dream is a dream while it is happening
Shallow processing – Encoding on a basic level the structure or appearance of words

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