Chapter 1 Law And Society

guilty state of mind – mens rea
the prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or willfully.
when a crime is commited intentionally
prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or willfully. (mens rea) level of awareness a person has when committing an act.
conflict model – looking at humanity negatively, characterized by dissension and held together by coercion and the law > law exists so that "we don't kill each other due to malicious intent"
What is a cost factor in crime? – arrest and punishment
karum – name given to ancient assyrian trade posts
Patterson v. American Tobacco (1982) – Section 703 of the CRA states that employers can apply different standards of compensation based on seniority as long as those standards are not discriminatory based on race, color, sex, religion or national origin. A black male named John Patterson brought a suit against his employer, the American Tobacco Company, alleging racial discrimination in hiring and promotional practices in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. In a 5 to 4 decision the court ruled that 703 did not apply to seniority systems.
dissenting opinion – minority reasons for disagreeing with majority
Bar associations – organizations that license lawyers – and other groups have services to help you decide if you need a lawyer
military law – rules applicable to people on the armed forces
exchange of consideration – Something given for something else of value (central concept of Common Law)
those with progressive ideas for change .. – dont have the money to change it
Drug addiction – -1980, 30,000 prison inmate for drug offenses (2 decades later 300,000)
-60% of US absorbs illegal drugs
-1/3 college students use cocaine
-80% of Americas try drugs before 20
compunction – feeling of guilt caused by regret for doing wrong; contrition
5th amendment – protects against self incrimination, immunity forces testimony or CONTEMPT OF COURT charges
Social Movements? – A type of collective behavior where a group of individuals organize to promote certain changes or alterations in certain types of behavior or procedures.
Have well defined purpose/goals and strategies, a structure and well conceptualized plans for change.
(ex: Environment movement, Woman's rights movement, etc)
Drug addiction – -1980, 30,000 prison inmate for drug offenses (2 decades later 300,000)
-60% of US absorbs illegal drugs
-1/3 college students use cocaine
-80% of Americas try drugs before 20
Alioto, Breyer, Ginsburg, Kagan, Kennedy, Roberts, Scalia, Sotomayor, Thomas – Current US Supreme Court Justices
compunction – feeling of guilt caused by regret for doing wrong; contrition
Preponderance of the Evidence – Usually the standards of proof used in a civil suit
Repressive law – law that represses conduct, they hold you back and prevent you from doing things
Litigants – Disputants, Individuals, organizations and government officials. Settle disagreements and regulate behavior of themselves or other
Texas vs Johnson (1989) – 1st amendment
Laws against burning the American flag are unconstitutional

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