Ap Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 10

Perceptual Distortions – A feature of altered states of consciousness whereby sensations, feelings and emotions are either experienced as stronger and more vivid or are suppressed and blurred. There can also be hallucinations or a detachment from our sense of self.
Unconditioned Stimulus – A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning
Drive-reduction theory – The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension
state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
synaptic vesicles – places were NT's are stored until release into the synapse
Learning Disability – A broad category of disorders in which the individual has difficulty learning in a typical way.
positive psychology – study of human functioning, with the goal of discovering and promoting strengths to help individuals to thrive
neuroplasticity – changes with experience
Positive/Negative Punishment – getting something or losing something as a consequence of an aciton that will decrease a behavior or not repeat a behavior
frustration-aggression principle – the principle that frustration- the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal- creates anger which can generate aggression
DSM-IV-TR – The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, updated as a 2000 "text revision"; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Skinner describes people as not
pheromones – chemical signals released by organisms to communicate with other members of their species. Pheromones are often used by animals as sexual attractants. It is unclear whether or not humans employ pheromones.
reflexivity – Analyzing and critically considering our own role in, and affect on, our research
Heritability – the extent to which differences in a trait can be attributed to our genetic makeup
Skinner describes peоple аs nоt
Primacy Effect – Tendency to remember words at the beginning of a list especially well.
Limbic System – Neural system (including hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives
Self-referent encoding – Deciding how or whether information is personally relevant.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply