Political Science Test 2

Roe v. Wade (1973) – the Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the trimester of pregnancy. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a landmark decision regarding abortion.[1] According to the Roe decision, most laws against abortion in the United States violated a constitutional right to privacy under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision overturned all state and federal laws outlawing or restricting abortion that were inconsistent with its holdings. undue burden test** 1. essentially premised on the right to privacy 2. balance right between women and developing fetus, 1st trimester: can't regulate 2nd tri: can have some regulation (1st and 2nd- favors women's health) 3rd tri: medically regulated ex: Planned Parenthood v. Casey- informed consent 24hours- waiting period, parental approval, spousal approval, restrictions on abortion–>ok if it did not pose an undue burden (Privacy within the courts)
Highest form of law – the Constitution
Hume – He doubts human reason can be a guide to truth, there are fundamental limitations
Rousseau Social Contract – takes human beings from being selfish [integrated individuals now as part of a larger community – communication]
Analyzing power Dahl – New Haven Connecticut
People must wield resources ( money, connection) to wield potential power
What is quid pro quo? – Explicit or strongly implied threat that submission is a condition of conditioned of continued employment.
Jim Crow Laws – Black voters were disenfranchised and civil liberties were being ignored. First laws were in the 1870's and restricted interracial marriages and began to segregate.
Override – When the president vetoes a bill, congress needs 2/3 votes to pass it
Open seats – Describes seats during government races because it is between incumbent and non incumbent
civil liberties: – Individual rights regarding freedom that are created by the constitution and the political regime
New Jersey Plan – A proposal at the Constitutional Convention that proposed congressional representation be equal; Thus favoring SMALL states.
Civil War Amendments – 13th, 14th, 15th, and 19th
19th amendment – Women's suffrage
pareto optimality – if every member prefers x to y then group must prefer X to Y (unanimous)
Speaker of the house and Majority leader – John Boehner and Harry Reid
Both assign members and bills to committees and as schedules votes on the bill.
probable clause – a standard used in determining when police can conduct arrests and searches

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