Precollege Vocab: Visual Arts

Head of an Old Man
Roman Art
mid-first century BCE
50 BCE –
labyrinth – maze comes from greek word for double bladed axe
Chateau de Versailles – Artist: Charles le Brun
Year: 1659
Style: Architecture, French Baroque
Significance: The palace that was built for Louis XIV at Versailles, outside Paris, became the model for palaces throughout the continent. It took forty-seven years to build and was renowned for it extreme grandeur.Great crystal chandeliers hung from the ceilings, their candlelight reflected in gilded mirrors. Fine tapestries and painting decorated the walls. There is an emblem of the sun on the main gate of the palace.
Art Themes – The Sacred
Politics and Social Order
Stories and Memories
Looking Outward; Here and Now
Looking Inward; Human Experience
Invention and Fantasy
Nature
Art as Art
Anthony van Dyck, Flemish.
Self Portrait, 1613-14.
Baroque
(1610) –
Leonardo Da Vinci – painted the Mona Lisa & the Last Supper
Nike of Samothrace – Who: ?
Where/When: Ancient Greece, originally found on the side of a cliff (rocky hillside near a fountain)
What: "Winged Victory", leaning forward, counterbalanced by outstretched wings, deeply sculpted
Why: very Hellenistic – extremely dramatic and real (wind, wet clothes, stance)
Medium: marble
apollo – symbol for Jesus in mosaics and paintings
Scrovengi Chapel (“Arena Chapel”)
1306 AD
Giotto di Bondone
14th century –
Magritte
Time Transfixed
oil on canvas
1938-9 – What is the name of the artist, the name of the artwork, the date, and the type of medium?
Tuscan Doric base fluted podium one stylobate multiple 3 naos or cellas 1 – Differences of Etruscan Temples to Greek Temples (2)…
•Etruscans use the _______ order of columns (they are _____ with a ______ at the bottom and columns aren't ______)
•Etruscan temples sit on the _______ with only ____ stairway for approach while Greek temples sit on the ________ with ___[__ approaches
•Etruscan temples have __ separate ___________ while Greek temples have __
Old Ship Meeting House – Massachusetts 1680s
Dying Warrior, sculpture from the left corner of the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina. c. 500-490 bce. Marble, length 6' –
Napoleon at the Saint-Bernard Pass
Jacques-Louis David
1800
oil on canvas –
Chateau de Versailles – Artist: Charles le Brun
Year: 1659
Style: Architecture, French Baroque
Significance: The palace that was built for Louis XIV at Versailles, outside Paris, became the model for palaces throughout the continent. It took forty-seven years to build and was renowned for it extreme grandeur.Great crystal chandeliers hung from the ceilings, their candlelight reflected in gilded mirrors. Fine tapestries and painting decorated the walls. There is an emblem of the sun on the main gate of the palace.
*sculpt*
(Michelangelo is often associated with marble, but art historians believe he also *sculpted* with bronze.) – (v) make by carving or molding clay,
stone, or wood
Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, France, Surrealism –
Imam Mosque
Isfahan, Iran
Islamic –

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