Campbell Biology: Ninth Edition Chapter 1: The Study Of Life

product – A chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
Chemosynthesis – This theory propose that there are complex molecules that started live
Metastasis – Invasive growth of cancer cells from the original tumor into distant areas – secondary tumor
tissue – anatomical unit composed of cells organized to perform a similar function
Radicle – An embryonic root of a plant.
Biosphere – Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life exists, including land, water, and the atmosphere
eutrophication – The buildup of chemical nutrients in an ecosystem to the point that it can have a harmful effect, by the excessive growth of one organism. This is seen when fertilizer run off causes excessive algae growth in water, which disrupts the ecosystem, and kills off many other organisms.
Exogenous Rhythm – Rhythms that are derived from an external cue such as sunlight or tide
phytoplankton – Made up of photosynthetic plankton, including algae, and is an important source of oxygen.
Nucleic acid was isolated by lysing cells in detergent, guanidine isothiocyanate, and DNAse, followed by extraction in an acid phenol chloroform isoamyl alcohol solution and finally precipitation in ethanol. The concentration of the isolated nucleic acid was measured using SyBr Green II, which yielded fluorescence. When PicoGreen was used to quantitate the nucleic acid, there was no fluorescence in the sample. What type of nucleic acid was isolated? 
organ system – a group of organs that work together to accomplish life functions
temporal isolation – Form of reproductive isolation in which two populations reproduce at different times
Nucleic аcid wаs isоlаted by lysing cells in detergent, guanidine isоthiоcyanate, and DNAse, followed by extraction in an acid phenol chloroform isoamyl alcohol solution and finally precipitation in ethanol. The concentration of the isolated nucleic acid was measured using SyBr Green II, which yielded fluorescence. When PicoGreen was used to quantitate the nucleic acid, there was no fluorescence in the sample. What type of nucleic acid was isolated? 
What is the term for the jellylike substance that is contained inside the cell membrane? – cytoplasm
Where does the pancreas put these enzymes into the digestive system? – The stomach.
glycolosis – Breaking glucose into two molecules of a compound called pyruvate.
Cell theory – States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2) cells are the basic unit of life; and (3) all cells come only from other cells, passing copies of their genetic material on to their daughter cells.

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