Ap Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 1 + 2

overgeneralization – distortion of thinking in which a person draws sweeping conclusions based on only one incident or event and applies those conclusions to events that are unrelated to the original.
Cognitive perspective – thoughts and behavior
Nature vs. nurture – the long-standing discussion over the relative importance of nature (heredity) and nurture (environment) in their influence on behavior and mental processes
Childhood – the period during which a person is a child.
Axon – Transmits nerve impulses.
reinforce – in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
insight – a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
Psychology – This discipline involves the study of mental processes and the workings of the human mind.
According to Buddhism, what is the higher stage of consciousness called?
Self-concept – A collection of beliefs about one's own nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior.
Perception – The process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events
Replication – main goal of research. Allows for testing of hypotheses with other populations so results can be generalized
Variability – The degree to which the numbers in a set differ from one another and from their mean
Axon – the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, through which messages pass to other neurons or to muscles or glands
Social Loafing – the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 739)
Accоrding tо Buddhism, whаt is the higher stаge оf consciousness cаlled?
Pupil – Adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters

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