Apologia Biology Module 1: Biology, The Study Of Life (2nd Edition)

Malaria-> paludisma / ascariasis – Protozoos
Genetic factors – The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic material that organisms inherit from their parents
What is a polar body? – A polar body is a small cell that results from unequal distribution of cytoplasm during meiosis.
pepsin; stomach – name a human enzyme that functions well in pH 2. where is it found?
Neutron – A subatomic particle that is in the center (nucleus) of an atom. It has no charge (neutral).
Plasma membrane – controls the movement of materials into and out of the cell
b) toxic substances increase as trophic levels increase in a food chain –
The receptors for steroid hormones and peptide hormones are fundamentally different because
B cells – A type of lymphocyte that matures in the bone marrow and later produces antibodies; responsible for the humoral immune response.
messenger RNA – mRNA, a RNA molecule, containing many series of 3 nucleotide codons, assembled in transcription and modified and finished in a process called splicing. These instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA are built in the nucleus and migrate into the cytoplasm of a cell where they find a ribosome which will read them assembling a protein from the instructions they contain 12-3
Leucoplasts – organelles that store starches or oils
autoimmune disease – A disease in which the immune system attacks the body's own cells.
Hypothalamus: – controls several metabolic functions, including body temperature, sexual arousal, hunger, thirst, and the endocrine system.
Climate – year after year patterns of temperature and precipitation
Mitochondria – an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
The receptоrs fоr sterоid hormones аnd peptide hormones аre fundаmentally different because
Barr body – A dense body formed from a deactivated X chromosome found in the nuclei of female mammalian cells.
1st step in Classifying Bacteria – 1. Gram stain positive-Phylum Firmicutes, 2. Gram negative- Phylum Gracilicutes, 3.. Will not stain at all because it has no cell wall-Phylum Tenericutes (tender because no cell wall) Class Mollicutes or 4. Will not stain at all because it has atypical cell wall- Phylum Mendosicutes Class Archaebacteria.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply