Ap Psychology Chapter 8: Learning

axon – the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, through which messages pass to other neurons or to muscles or glands.
random selection – every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected as a participant in research
What types of psychologists does applied research include? – I/O, human factors, counseling, clinical
Left and right hemispheres – refers to the 2 sides of the brain
Social Comparison Theory – when not sure what the appropriate behavior is in a situation, we copy other people in the same situation
memory – the persistence of learning over time; storage and retrieval of information
Interneuron – a neuron that carries nerve impulses from one neuron to another
opportunity/convenience sampling – group of participants not randomly selected from the target population, but invited because they are easily contactable
Acquisition – The initial stage of learning something.
Which category could NOT be used to stratify cross-sectional studies?
insomnia – recurring problems in falling or staying asleep.
Infants become attached to primary caregivers through… – contact comfort
defense mechanisms – in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality.
Monocular Depth Cues – one eye at a time still perceives depth
Cognitive Therapy – therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
dendrite – the busty, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body
double-blind procedure – a control measure in an experiment in which neither the experimenters nor participants know which participants are the experimental and control groups
Which cаtegоry cоuld NOT be used tо strаtify cross-sectionаl studies?
Social Cognition – Knowledge and understanding of society's rules, usually gained from experience.

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