Rvtm Myers Psychology For Ap Unit 9

Naturalistic Observation – Observational research carried out in the environment.
acquisition – the process of learning a reflex through pairing
Affective Forecasting – Ability to predict our own and others' happiness.
experiment – a research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process (the dependent variable); by random assignment of participants, the experimenter aims to control other relevant factors
Adrenal Glands – a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress
partial reinforcement – The reinforcement of a desired behavior on some occasions but not others.
Primary Effect – the first thing you experience
In order to have a relationship with someone, according to Kelly's Sociality Corollary, you must
B) the perception of familiar objects in new forms or relationships. – Insight learning involves
A) the developments of abstract concepts.
B) the perception of familiar objects in new forms or relationships.
C) the integration of unfamiliar objects into familiar patterns.
D) a strategy of vicarious trial-and-error.
E) the process of assimilation.
Script – Knowledge about the sequence of events and actions that is expected in a particular setting
Stimulus Discrimination (6.15) – A change in responses to one stimulus but not to stimuli that are similar.
Shaping (6.27) – An operant learning technique in which a new behavior is produced by reinforcing responses that are similar to the desired response.
In оrder tо hаve а relаtiоnship with someone, according to Kelly's Sociality Corollary, you must
token economy – type of behavior modification in which desired behavior is rewarded with tokens
Behavioral therapies – The application of learning principles to direct efforts to change clients' maladaptive behaviors.
Wilhelm Wundt – Considered the Father of modern psychology; study of mental processes, introspection, and self-exam; established the first psychology laboratory in Germany
Psychodynamic Approach – Evaluation – + Focuses on individual's experiences and rejects biological view that abnormality and normality are different. Arguably more understanding than biological approach
– Concepts such as id, ego and superego cannot be directly observed, therefore there is no scientific proof to the theory.
MRI – a technique that enables us to see static images of the brain's structures; uses magnetism to achieve this effect

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