Ap Psychology Test Chapter 6

Tip of the tongue phenomenon – remembering everything but the one piece of information you actually need.
Autism – a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
Cones – Specialized visual receptors that play a key role in daylight vision and color vision.
Reification – When a hypothetical, abstract concept is given a name and then treated as though it were a concrete tangible object.
extinction – the disappearance or weakening of a learned response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus (in classical conditioning) or the removal of a reinforcer (in operant conditioning)
Internal Validity – how genuine the effects are due to the independent variable (and not something else)
Rods – retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision, when cones don't respond
Color blindness – Typically a genetic disorder (although sometimes the result of trauma) that prevents an individual from discriminating certain colors. The most common form is red-green color blindness.
Narcolepsy – a sleep disorder in which a person has uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep
Lateralization of emotion (8.03) – Different influences of the two brain hemispheres on various emotions. The left hemisphere influences positive emotion, and the right hemisphere influences negative emotions.
Grace's doctor suggests that she go in for a measure of her body fat since she is an athlete and her BMI readings provide an incomplete measure of her body composition. Her doctor suggests getting measured utilizing impedance. What measure is the doctor suggesting for Grace?
Perceptual Constancy – Perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent lightness, color, shape, and size) even as illumination and retinal images change.
Door in the face (Compliance) – Start huge than retreat, Run 25 miles or donate a dollar for cancer
Working Memory – temporarily holds the information currently being used. Therefore we are consciously aware of the information.
Four ways of knowing (AIRO) – Authority
Intuition
Rationalization
Observation
Grаce's dоctоr suggests thаt she gо in for а measure of her body fat since she is an athlete and her BMI readings provide an incomplete measure of her body composition. Her doctor suggests getting measured utilizing impedance. What measure is the doctor suggesting for Grace?
Adolescence – The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence.
cognitive map – a mental representation of the layout of one's environment. For example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it.

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