Dive Biology Terms Lesson 24

gene – A discrete unit of heredity information consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses). For eukaryotes, most are located in chromosomal DNA, and a few are carried by the DNA of mitochondria and chloroplasts.
menstrual cycle – The hormonally synchronized cyclic buildup and breakdown of the endometrium of some primates, including humans.
Commensalism – symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed
Nucleotide – Nucleic acid (5-carbon sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base)
Complementary – a DNA strand which is able to bond to another strand according to the base-pairing rule
root pressure – As the active transport of minerals into the root increases its solute concentration, water continues to enter through osmosis. This ongoing process results in a continued net movement of water into the root cells. As pressure builds up, water and dissolved nutrients are pushed up the stem.
Recycled environmental factors – Carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and water. These are all recycled through biogeochemical processes.
nucleotides – monomer for DNA and RNA
Coccus – Bacteria that are spherical- They look like balls.
vacuole – store materials like water, salt, proteins, and carbohydrates
What are the consequences of the accumulation of the lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and bone marrow in a patient with CLL?
Veins – carry blood to the heart
speciation – process of evolution of new species that occurs when members of similar populations no longer interbreed to produce fertile offspring within their natural environment
Whаt аre the cоnsequences оf the аccumulatiоn of the lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and bone marrow in a patient with CLL?
plasmodium – sporozoan that causes malaria
Independent Variable – In an experiment, the condition that is tested because it affects the outcome (results or DV) of the experiment
lysosome – eukaryotic organelle which contains enzymes to digest cellular waste

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