Chapter 10: Language And The Brain

Strong Adjectives – did not require an article
adjective had to match with gender, case, and number
there were twenty four types of inflective endings for every adjective
Allegory – The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. It usually deals with the moral truth or a generalization about human existence.
Language acquisition – Children have different categories from adults
alphabet – a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language
Beginning Reader: K to Second or Third Grade/Alphabetic (Developmental Expectation) – Developmental Expectation: Letters are associated with sounds. CVC words (mat, sun, pin). Represent words with a single sound and later spell with the first and last consonant. Ex/ CT for cat. Children rhyme and blend words. When reading they will begin to recognize "chunks" or phonograms.
Define dialect. – a variation of a language that is understandable to all speakers of that language
IL PRESENTE ed IL PASSATO PROSSIMO Complete each sentence with the appropriate present and past forms of the given verb. EX: (rispondere) Oggi io non rispondo alla tua e-mail, ma ieri io ho risposto. (mettere) Oggi tu non [1A] il cappotto, ma ieri tu [1B] il cappotto blu. (fare) Oggi noi non [2A] i compiti, ma ieri noi [2B] tutti gli esercizi. (scrivere) Oggi voi non [3A] e-mail, ma ieri voi [3B] messaggi a tutti i vostri amici. (prendere) Oggi Giulia non [4A] l’autobus, ma ieri lei [4B] due autobus. (chiudere) Oggi loro non [5A] il negozio, ma ieri loro [5B] alle 15.00. (leggere) Oggi Carlo non [6A] il giornale (newspaper), ma ieri lui [6B] tre giornali.
Pathological Aging – Presumes some type of premature breakdown of one or more human systems which often accelerate the normal aging process.
Stagnant – Inert, contaminated
Code Switching – refers to a situation in which a speaker uses a mixture of distinct language varieties as discourse proceeds
Critical Period Hypothesis – There is a time limit in human development when the brain is more predisposed for success in LA
colon – to introduce a list (one item may constitute a list)
to introduce a list preceded by as follows or the following
to separate two independent clauses when 2nd clause is restatement or explanation of 1st
to introduce word or word group that is restatement, explanation, or summary of the 1st sentence
to introduce a formal appositive
to separate introductory words from a quotation, if the quotation is formal, long, or paragraphed separately
IL PRESENTE ed IL PASSATO PROSSIMO Cоmplete eаch sentence with the аpprоpriаte present and past fоrms of the given verb. EX: (rispondere) Oggi io non rispondo alla tua e-mail, ma ieri io ho risposto. (mettere) Oggi tu non [1A] il cappotto, ma ieri tu [1B] il cappotto blu. (fare) Oggi noi non [2A] i compiti, ma ieri noi [2B] tutti gli esercizi. (scrivere) Oggi voi non [3A] e-mail, ma ieri voi [3B] messaggi a tutti i vostri amici. (prendere) Oggi Giulia non [4A] l’autobus, ma ieri lei [4B] due autobus. (chiudere) Oggi loro non [5A] il negozio, ma ieri loro [5B] alle 15.00. (leggere) Oggi Carlo non [6A] il giornale (newspaper), ma ieri lui [6B] tre giornali.
Epistemic Limitation – lack or limitation of knowledge in certain areas

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