Biology Animals

photosynthesis – the process of converting sunlight energy into glucose; occurs in chloroplast
Light intensity – Used to describe the amount of light reaching an object, particularly green plants. It is affected by latitude, seasons, shading, cloud cover, etc. It is often a limiting factor in ecosystems.
What is the order of the reflex arc? – Stimulus – Receptor – Sensory neurone – Central nervous system – Motor neurone – Effector – Response
peripheral protein – membrane protein that are not embedded in the lipid bilayer but are bound to the surface of the membrane
Forensics – applies science to matters of legal interest
Ecosystem stability – The resistance of an ecosystem to dramatic change over long periods of time.
Roles of Circulatory System – Transportation of nutrients, water, gases and wastes
Blood clotting to repair blood vessels
Defence against disease through white blood cells
Temperature regulation through vasoconstriction and vasodialation of blood vessels
genotype – genetic makeup of an organism
phagocytosis – A type of endocytosis in which large particulate substances or small organisms are taken up by a cell. It is carried out by some protists and by certain immune cells of animals (in mammals, mainly macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells).
A form of arthritis that first affects the spine and adjacent structures and, as it progresses, causes a forward bend of the spine is
DNA is found in what part of the cell? – nucleus
metabolic pathway – begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each step is catalyzed by a specific enzyme
An organic compound that stores and transmits genetic information is what? – Nucleic acid
mitosis – cell division in cells that have a nucleus. -produces cells identical to parent cells
stroma – The dense fluid within the chloroplasts that surrounds the thylakoid membrane and is involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water. Sugars are made in the stroma by the enzymes of the Calvin cycle.
Extracellular – Located outside a cell.
A fоrm оf аrthritis thаt first аffects the spine and adjacent structures and, as it prоgresses, causes a forward bend of the spine is
Obligate anaerobes – a group of bacteria that cannot grow in or tolerate the presence of oxygen
muscle fibers – Long cylindrical multi-nucleated cells that are bundled together to form muscle tissue.

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