General Psychology Psychological Disorders

behavior therapies – action therapies based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning and aimed at changing disordered behavior without concern for the original causes of such behavior
anorexia nervosa – eating disorder with excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight
Cochlear Implant – a device for converting sounds into electrical signals and stimulating the auditory nerve through electrodes threaded into the cochlea.
split-brain surgery – procedure that involves severing the corpus callosum to reduce the spread of epileptic seizures
reinforcement – the strengthening of a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence or the removal of an unpleasant stimulus
sleep apnea – People who have sleep apnea stop breathing many times during a night's sleep, and each time they stop breathing, they wake up briefly and gasp for air.
Experimental Research – -Carefully regulated MANIPULATION of a variable
-Demonstrates Causation
During a recent staff meeting at the hospital, the chief operating officer spoke with the floor managers about average staff visits per hour to the patients. Based upon complaints from patients and research into national trends, the chief asked all staff to come into line with the average number of visits per hour, _____, in all situations where circumstances make it possible.
Adaptive Sleep – The view that unique sleep patterns of different animals evolved over time to help promote survival and environmental adaptation; also called the evolutionary theory of sleep.
Natural Selection – the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
Daydreaming – An altered state of consciousness characterised by a shift in concentration from external stimuli to internal thoughts, feelings, memories and images.
Example of Generalization in classical conditioning – Albert afraid of rabbits after conditioning to fear rats
affect – in psychology, a term indicating "emotion" or "mood"
Critical period – An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development
Sensorimotor Stage – In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to age 2) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
During а recent stаff meeting аt the hоspital, the chief оperating оfficer spoke with the floor managers about average staff visits per hour to the patients. Based upon complaints from patients and research into national trends, the chief asked all staff to come into line with the average number of visits per hour, _____, in all situations where circumstances make it possible.
formal operational – in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development which begins about age 12 and is characterized by the ability to think logically about abstact concepts
Parallel processing – Processing several things simultaneously
Encoding Specificity – The tendency for memory to be improving if surroundings match at encoding and retrival. The tendency for memory to be better if you take a test where you learned the information
Restructuring – thinking outside of the box (being creative and letting go of any assumptions you may have)
Thalmus – responsible for all sensory information except smell

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