Discovering Psychology Ch 9

Negative Reinforcement – Increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, such as shock. A negative reinforcer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response. (Note: negative reinforcement is not punishment.)
Central Route to Persuasion – occurs when people think carefully about the message and are influenced because they find the arguments compelling.
Companionate Love – Love marked by a sense of deep friendship and fondness for one's partner.
Canabis – The hemp plant from which marijuana, hashish, and THC are derived.
Law of Effect – behaviors that resulted in rewards are stamped in (strengthened) while behaviors that did not result in rewards are stamped out (weakened)
social leadership – group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.
Cerebellum – The "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input, coordinating movement output and balance, and enabling nonverbal learning and memory.
frequency – the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time (for example, per second).
autonomy v shame and doubt – Erik Erikson's social crisis stage 2, age 1-2.
What global epidemic is a major causal factor in the increase of type 2 diabetes cases?
Dependent Variable – A factor or condition measured to determine the impact of the experimental manipulation.
14 Amendment – equality for all citizens, state governments must follow previously passed amendments
behavioralism – a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of observable responses and behavior
Human-Factors Psychology – the study of how people and machines interact resulting in the design of machines and environments
Projective Tests – Psychological tests that ask subjects to respond to vague, ambiguous stimuli in ways that may reveal the subject's needs, feelings, and personality traits.
Whаt glоbаl epidemic is а majоr causal factоr in the increase of type 2 diabetes cases?
inner ear – start: oval window (membrane) through which vibrations pass to cochlea
participant observation – a descriptive research method in which the observer becomes part of the group being observed

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