Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution Of Plant And Fungal Diversity

Pyramid of energy – an illustration of the amount of energy in the bodies of organisms at each trophic level
NADH – electron carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
What is endocytosis? – The process by which the cell surrounds and takes particles into the cell.
Prokaryotic cell – Microscopic, unicellular organism without a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles.
cancer – class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division
systems biology – An approach to studying biology that aims to model the dynamic behavior of whole biological systems.
Tracheids – the elongated cells of the xylem that provide structure as well as conducting water and minerals
The surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using an instrument inserted through the urethra is called
cytoskeleton – Network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and is involved in many forms of cell movement.
Endosymbiont Theory – states that the mitochondria and chloroplasts were formerly small prokaryotes that begin living within larger cells
Name 3 differences b/w plant and animal cells. – Plant cells have cell walls, animal cells do not.
Plant cells have chloroplasts, animal cells do not.
Animal cells have centrioles, plant cells do not.
Herbivory – the eating of a primary producer
Blood, DNA, Protein structure – The biochemical evidence of evolution refers to:
Meiosis – the specialized type of cell division in which haploid gametes are formed
The surgicаl remоvаl оf pieces оf the prostаte gland tissue by using an instrument inserted through the urethra is called
EXocytosis- – transport of materials OUTof the cell from low to high
Eukaryote – A cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles. i.e. plant and animal cells
Chromosome – "A single DNA molecule, a tightly coiled strand of DNA"

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