Bju Biology Chapter 5

Producers – Provide food for a particular ecosystem.
taxonomy – How organisms are named and classified.
Scavenge – To look for already dead organisms and eat them. Generally the term only applies to animals that eat other, already dead animals, typically the parts that are left over after a predator has taken its fill, but also animals that have died as a result of accidents, disease, or intra-species combat.
Transpiration – The loss of water vapour from aerial parts of a plant, especially through the stomata of the leaves.
evolution – Descent with modification; the idea that living species are descendants of ancestral species that were different from present-day ones; also, the genetic changes in a population from generation to generation.
solvent – Substance in which another substance is dissolved.
Pyramid of biomass – an illustration of the total mass of dry, organic matter at each trophic level in a given unit of area
A condition that results when too much iron is absorbed from food is
Genetic recombination – New combination of genes produced by crossing over and independent assortment.
carbon cycle – The cycle in which carbon dioxide is taken from the atmosphere by plants during the dark phase of photosynthesis, and then replaced during the respiration of sugar, or during the decomposition of dead organisms.
C4 plant – A plant that prefaces the Calvin cycle with reactions that incorporate CO2 into four-carbon compounds, the end product of which supplies CO2 for the Calvin cycle.
A cоnditiоn thаt results when tоo much iron is аbsorbed from food is
information – The sending and receiving of knowledge or intelligence.
Atom – Basic unit of matter made up of three parts: protons, neutrons, and electrons.
flagella – a long tail-like feature found in one-celled organisms to aid in movement, utilizes a snakelike motion

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