Most Common Ap English Language & Composition Rhetorical Devices Fall 2015

Image – A word or group of words, either figurative or literal, used to describe a sensory experience or an object percieved by the sense.
Bathos – The unsuccessful and therefore ludicrous attempt to portray pathos in written texts or art.
Definition – Method of development based upon analyzing the meaning of a specific word, idea, or term.
Amplification – repeating an expression while adding more detail to it
Loose (or Cumulative) Sentence – makes complete sense if brought to a close before the actual ending
antithesis – opposition, or contrast, of ideas, of ideas or words in a parallel construction.
"Never let a fool trick you or a trick fool you." – Chiamus
Aphorism – a short, often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life: "Early bird gets the worm"
Antithesis – the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structures or ideas
Speaker – the voice of a work; an author may speak as himself or herself or as a fictitious persona
syntax – standard word order and sentence structure of a language
example; “Instead of 'I cannot go out,' you can change it to 'Go out I cannot.'”
Parody – An exaggerated imitation of a serious work for humorous purposes.
Dramatic Irony – Irony created when the audience knows more than a character.
Epsitrophe – repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses
Point of view – stance revealed by the style and tone of the writing. The authors position on the topic discussed.
Metonymy – The substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing.
Generalization – When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain
rather than probable. Sweeping generalizations occur when a writer asserts that a claim
applies to all instances instead of some.
diction – words choice, an element of style; diction creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning. Difference types and arrangements of words have significant affects on meaning
colloquialism – a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversations and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing( y'all, ain't)
Understatement – the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony
and / or humor where one
writes or says less than intended.

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