Pa Keystone Biology Vocabulary

amoeba – Protist that moves and feeds by means of pseudopodia.
Science – Search for understanding the natural world using inquiry and experiments.
Why aren't oral antibiotics given to a patient with diarrhoea? – A person with diarrhoea is unlikely to absorb the antibiotic as it goes through their digestive too quickly to diffuse into the blood.
Dehydration synthesis – a chemical reaction in which two molecules are bonded together and a molecule of water is removed
organelles of a cell – nucleus, nucleolus, smooth ER, rough ER, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, lysosome, vacuole, central vacuole (plant cells), mitochondria, mitochondrial matrix, chloroplasts (plant cells), stroma, thylakoids, granum, thylakoids, flagella, cillia, centrioles, cytoskeleton, basal body, ECM, integrins, cell wall, transport vesicle
Taxonomy – (biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification
Anaphase – "Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids separate from each other and ending when a complete set of daughter chromosomes have arrived at each of the two poles of the cell"
photosynthesis – The process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food.
The use of tumor-specific T cells re-introduced to patients requires all of the following EXCEPT:
Lazzaro Spallanzani – A man that tried to prove the spontaneous generation wrong by boiling infusions.
Parasitism – An interaction between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is harmed.
metabolism – Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to maintain life
The 3 Errors – – can be made by the biologist in his observations.
-can result if the specimen is atypical.
-can be made when the techniques used are crude.
Hydrogen bond – A relatively weak bond formed between any hydrogen atom (which is covalently bound to a nitrogen or oxygen atom) and a nitrogen or oxygen with an unshared electron pair
The use оf tumоr-specific T cells re-intrоduced to pаtients requires аll of the following EXCEPT:
What are the 3 categories of lipids? – fats, phospholipids, sterols
Ribonucleic acid – RNA – the nucleic acid which copies (mRNA) the DNA code, interprets (rRNA) the code, and assembles (tRNA) the resulting protein

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