Apologia Biology 2nd Ed Module 11

medulla oblongata – Part of the vertebrate hindbrain, continuous with the spinal cord; passes data between the spinal cord and forebrain and controls autonomic, homeostatic functions, including breathing, heart rate, swallowing, and digestion.
sexual reproduction – When two parents give unique combination of genes to offspring.
Chemosynthesis – In which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydrates
Denitrification – the process in which bacteria in the soil convert nitrogen compounds into nitrogen gas
Where most cell activities occur. – cytoplasm
This organelle produces vesicles – endoplasmic reticulum
chromatid – one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis
Hypertonic solution – The solution has a higher concentration of solutes and a lower concentration of water than the inside of the cell. (high solute; low water)

Result: Water moves from inside the cell into the solution. Cell shrinks. (Plasmolysis).

Metamorphosis – Change of organism
The patient’s ophthalmologist noted that the patient’s pupils were of unequal size, a condition called
Plasma (cell) membrane – A selectively permeable surface that encloses the cell contents and through which all materials entering or leaving a cell must pass
What are the three components of the large intestine? – The large intestine is divided into the cecum, colon, and rectum.
Acid – Substance that increases H+ concentration, pH less than 7
Autosome – chromosomes in body cells 44- are autosomes 2 are sex chromosomes A chromosome that is not a SEX chromosome is a autosome.
The pаtient’s оphthаlmоlоgist noted thаt the patient’s pupils were of unequal size, a condition called
Chloroplast – The organelle in plants and plantlike protists that is the site of photosynthesis; surrounded by a double membrane and containing an extensive internal membrane system that bears chlorophyll.
Cytoskeleton – network of thin tubes and filaments that crisscrosses the cytosol
Cranium – a skull composed of bone which protects an animal's brain

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