Locus of control – An individual's sense of where his or her life influences originate
Humanistic Psychology – Approach to psychology that emphasizes the role of free choice and our ability to make conscious rational decisions about how we live our lives
superordinate goals – goals that bring people together to cooperate
fixed interval schedule of reinforcement – schedule of reinforcement in which the interval of time that must pass before reinforcement becomes possible is always the same
Perception – The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input.
Unconscious (5.5) – In classic Freudian theory, a part of the mind that houses memories, desires, and feelings that would be threatening if brought to consciousness.
Rogers regarded the fundamental motivation to be
Compliance – Publicly conforming to behaviour but privately maintaining your own views
Perception – A process that makes sensory patterns meaningful. It is perception that makes these words meaningful, rather than just a string of visual patterns. To make this happen, perception draws heavily on memory, motivation, emotion, and other psychological processes
Rоgers regаrded the fundаmentаl mоtivatiоn to be
In the Latane and Darley smoke-filled room study, participants were most likely to report the smoke when – they were the only ones in the room.
Embryonic stage – The second stage of prenatal development, lasting from two weeks until the end of the second month.
Photoreceptors (4.13) – Light-sensitive cells (neurons) in the retina that convert light energy to neural impulses.