Psychology Core Concepts Chapter 4: Psychological Development

neutral stimulus – NS; stimulus that has no effect on the desired response
positive psychology – the theory and research to better understand the positive,adaptive,creative,and fulfilling aspects of human existence
flooding – technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response.
retrieval cues – cues associated with the original learning that facilitate the retrieval of memories.
stereotype – a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people.
Operant Chamber – a chamber also known as Skinner Box, containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking. Used in operant conditioning research.
Internet addiction – Spending an inordinate amount of time on the Internet and the inability to control online use.
Theory – An idea, or conceptual model, that is designed to explain existing facts and make predictions about new facts that might be discovered
Synapse – the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron. The tiny gap at this junction is called the synaptic gap or cleft
Latent learning – Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it
Stress does all of the following EXCEPT:
What is relative size? – When the bigger object is perceived as the closest.
stimulus substitution – original theory in which Pavlov stated that classical conditioning occurred because the conditioned stimulus became a substitute for the unconditioned stimulus by being paired closely together.
Stress dоes аll оf the fоllowing EXCEPT:
According to the ________, people either expand on what they hear or they pay attention to surface characteristics of persuasive messages. – elaboration likelihood model
hallucinations (12.02) – False sensory experiences that may suggest mental disorder.
Jean Piaget – Swiss psychologist remembered for his studies of cognitive development in children (1896-1980)

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