Psychology Core Concepts Chapter 14: Social Psychology

Synaptic Vesicle – A small "container" holding neurotransmitter molecules that then connects to the presynaptic membrane, releasing the neurotransmitter into the synapse.
Reflex – A simple, unlearned response triggered by stimuli – such as the knee-jerk reflex set off by tapping the tendon just below your kneecap
collectivism – giving priority to the goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly (common in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America)
infantile amnesia – the inability to remember events that occurred during one's early years (before age three)
Social Clock – the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement. (p. 208)
Zajonc-LeDoux theory – Some embodied responses happen instantly, without ocnscious appraisal
Example: We automatically feel startled by a sound in the forest before labeling it as a threat
In personal construct therapy, it is important for the client to always remain in touch with his identity, and to avoid fantasy about being someone else.
Obesity – over 2/3 of adults in U.S. have this.
Impression of others – Person perception
Overjustification effect – Circumstances when external rewards can undermine the intrinsic satisfaction of performing a behavior
Diagnosis – Distinguishing one illness from another.
Myelin sheath – fatty tissue layer segmentally encasing the axons of some neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed as neural impulses hop from one node to the next
In persоnаl cоnstruct therаpy, it is impоrtаnt for the client to always remain in touch with his identity, and to avoid fantasy about being someone else.
Imprinting – the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life
crystallized intelligence – one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age
Visual Cliff – How old we can determine depth.
Assimilation – placing information into categories that already exist – Example: Great Dane and Pit Bull=dogs
Perception – the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events

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