Psychology Chapter 14psychological Treatments

median – the middle one of a set of numbers
mania – a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
Developmental Psychology – a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
post-synaptic neuron – A neuron that receives a nerve impulse sent across the synapse from another neuron (pre-synaptic neuron).
association areas – areas of the cerebral cortex which have no specific motor or sensory repsonsibilities, but rather are involved in thinking, memory and judgment
environment – every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us.
Associative Learning – Learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)
Motor Cortex (3.59) – A narrow vertical strip of cortex in the frontal lobes, lying just in front of the central fissure; controls voluntary movement.
Gestalt psychology – a psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts
Industrial/ Oragnizational psychologist – A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for employees and managers
__________ constructs can be applied to new situations.
Hypothalamus – A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward.
Self-report inventories – Personality tests that ask individuals to answer a series of questions about their characteristic behavior.
Cultural psychology – the study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members
placebo effect – improvement resulting from mere expectation of improvement
social responsibility norm – an expectation that people will help those dependent upon them (especially those who cannot help themselves)
Oedipus Complex – boy begins to have sexual desires for mother and jealousy and competent for father
__________ cоnstructs cаn be аpplied tо new situаtiоns.
Social Identity – the "we" aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer to "Who am I?" that comes from our group memberships.
hypothesis – an educated guess
B. F. Skinner – behaviorism; pioneer in operant conditioning; behavior is based on an organism's reinforcement history; worked with pigeons
psychiatrist – they can prescribe drugs unlike psychologists. Begin their careers in medical school, unlike psychologists that get bachelors in psychology. After earning their MD, they go on to four years of residency training in mental health

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