Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 6 Humans In The Biosphere (2004)

What is endocytosis? – Endocytosis is the movement of materials into the cell via indentations in the cell membrane.
vertebral column – backbone; composed of a series of segmented units called vertebrae.
sodium-potassium pump – a carrier protein that uses ATP to actively transport sodium ions out of a cell and potassium ions into the cell.
hydrolysis – the process of breaking polymers into monomers; requires adding water molecules
Aerial Hypha – A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows.
osmosis – The movement of WATER particles across a semi-permeable membrane
Alleles – Alternative forms of genes which give rise to differences in the inherited characteristics.
Photosynthesis – 6CO2 + 6H2O –> C6H12O6 + 6O2 , A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light energy and use it to power chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and energy-rich carbohydrates, such as sugars and starches.
DNA replication proceeds with the new daughter strand synthesized in the 3’ to 5’ direction.
Unsaturated fatty acid – fatty acid with at least one double bond between carbon atoms
activation energy – The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chemical reaction will start.
DNA replicаtiоn prоceeds with the new dаughter strаnd synthesized in the 3’ tо 5’ direction.
inversion – A type of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed.
incomplete dominance – a form of intermediate inheritance in which one allele for a specific trait is not completely dominant over the other allele.
Glucose – Simple sugar used as a respiratory substrate for the production of ATP.
Define a vaccine – Creates an immune response, which will protect the body if ever infected again

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