Political Science Part 2 Final Review

What are some examples of Developing countries that have a federal system? – Mexico, Nigeria, India, Brazil, Ethiopia, Iraq.
Tenure – System designed to protect top-level bureaucrats political pressure – is sometimes abused by those who have it.
International Politics – The study of politics (the use of power to make collective choices for a group of people) conducted among states rather than within a single state
Liberalism – a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties.
concerns about lobbying; defense of lobbying – -Corruption -Division and Demosclerosis (Pluralism and Elitism) -Accountability -Restricted Access (Pluralism and Elitism; skewing of acess toward those with power, resources)
Oligarchy – D: rule by the few
I: somewhat common form of government
E: military junta in Burma, China, Putin and his oligarchs in Russia,
How many members are in the Senate? – 100 members
Qualified Veto – -The power to return all bills with objections but can be overturned by 2/3 of each house of the legislature
Authoritarian Government – citizens lack most civil rights, human rights abuses occur, and government criticism is restricted.
"De Jure" Discrimination – discrimination arising from or supported by the law
Obscenity – As defined by the Supreme Court, the representation of sexually explicit material in a manner that violates community standards and is without redeeming social importance or value
Reconstruction – the period following the Civil War in which the federal government took action to rebuild the South
bicameral legislature – is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
nomination – designation as an official candidate of a political party
midterm elections – congressional elections that do not coincide with a presidential election; also called off-year elections.
Divine Right Theory – that god or gods have chosen certain people to rule by divine right. That those born to royalty were chosen by God to govern.
Weeks vs us – the courts held that evidence obtained illegally by federal officers can not be used in the federal courts
Authoritarian Government – citizens lack most civil rights, human rights abuses occur, and government criticism is restricted.

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