Political Science Exam 3 Part #1

New International Economic Order – A reorganizations of the management of the international economy demanded by LDCs in the 1970s in order to make it more favorable to developing nations.
Concurrent powers – Powers that are shared by the state and national governments
Unfunded mandates – Federal govt passes law forcing someone or state to do something but gives them no funds for it (wheelchair ramp). Would threaten to take away funding from other areas, such as freeways.
Kurt Vonnegut – Known for "Harrison Bergeron" short story, where all are forced to be equal (pg. 85-86).
Confirmation – The power of the U.S. Senate to approve or disapprove a presidential nominee for an executive or judicial post.
income transfer – A government action that takes money from one part of the citizenry and gives it to another part; usually the transfer goes from the well-off to the poor.
What is the limit on campaign donations in Texas (except for corporations and labor unions)? – There is no limit
Appeal – A rehearing of a case because the losing party in the original trial argues that a point of law was not applied properly
Who runs the foreign policy? – the entire executive branch: state and the defense department
The Federalist Papers – Series of newspaper articles written by John Hay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton which enumerated arguments in favor of the Constitution and refuted the arguments of the anti-federalists
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve
F. Nietzsche – philosopher who believed that there are no unchanging values
skewed sample – A sample that is not representative and leads to inaccurate polling results; a deceptive practice used to manipulate public opinion.
grassroots lobbying – Efforts by groups and associations to influence elected officials indirectly, by arousing their constituents.
The style and tactics of contemporary campaigns are controlled primarily by

A. the party hierarchy.
B. political bosses.
C. independent political action groups.
D. a candidate's personal campaign organization. – ANSWER: D

Sustainable development – Form of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability for future generations to meet their needs.
Members оf the U.S. Hоuse оf Representаtives serve
Representative Democracy – a type of government in which voters designate a relatively small number of people to represent their interests' those people, or representatives, then meet in a legislative body and make decisions on behalf of the entire citizenry
dominant culture – the values, customs, and language established by the group or groups that traditionally have controlled politics and government in a society
Spanish civil war – The 1936-1939 conflict in which Nazis and Communists aided opposite sides
Power – The ability to make someone do something, especially something they wouldn't usually do.
22nd Amendment – An amendment to the Constitution stating that no president can be elected to said office more than twice, and no person who inherits the presidency due to death can be elected more than once.

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