Political Science Exam 1

To keep the bloodline pure – What is the most sacred obligation for Nazism?
The Business Cycle – Cycling of the Economy between Economic Growth and Economic Contraction
veto message – the president's formal explanation of a veto, which accompanies the vetoed legislation when it is returned to Congress
Confederal System of Government – form of government whose members are joined by a treaty. It is a contract between different states to form a government that represents their interests while still maintaining a little autonomy.
reverse – To annul, or make void, a court ruling on account of some error or irregularity.
Wesberry v Sanders – The 1964 case in which the Supreme Court invalidated unequal congressional districts, saying that all legislative districts must contain about equal numbers of people. The ruling is popularly known as the principle of one person, one vote.
Meritocracy – control of the government by educated and skilled people
political participation – Engaging in actions to achieve political goals.
Gibbons v Ogden – (1824),[1] was a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation.[2] The case was argued by some of America's most admired and capable attorneys at the time. Exiled Irish patriot Thomas Addis Emmet and Thomas J. Oakley argued for Ogden, while William Wirt and Daniel Webster argued for Gibbons.
US Agreements – 1. Canada – Reduce acid rain
2. Prevent and clean oil spills
3. Prevent use of Antartica
4. Protection of fish species
5. Protect the Ozone layer
6. Signatory of the biodiversity treaty
7. Clinton would NOT move the Kyoto Protocol (global warming) forward, Bush pulled out of it entirely
Two Views of Federalism – 1. state's rights position: favors state and local action in dealing with problems; 2. nationalist position: favors national action in dealing with problems.
living constitutional proponents – living doc reinterpreting constitutional all true anytime
ever evolving document based on the changing in society
Confederal System of Government – form of government whose members are joined by a treaty. It is a contract between different states to form a government that represents their interests while still maintaining a little autonomy.
Checks and Balances – A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the government can check the actions of the others.
Pork Barrel Legislation – Monetary spending made by congress for local projects that are usually not needed. Example: "Road to Nowhere, Bridge to Nowhere"
the Geneva Conference recognized the 17th parallel as a 'provisional military democracy line' – France

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