Photosynthesis Light Reactions Gen Biology

Hermaphrodite – an animal that produces both sperm and eggs, although possibly not at the same time
enzyme – A macromolecule, usually a protein, that serves as a biological catalyst, changing the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed by the reaction.
solvent – the thing in a solution that is doing the dissolving
Carrier Protein – A membrane protein, specifically a transport protein, that holds onto molecules and changes their shapes in a way that shuttles them across the membrane.
endocytosis – type of active transport, takes material into the cell by infolding the cell membrane
uterus – Female organ that a baby develops in during gestation.
Enzymes increase the rate of a chemical reaction by decreasing the energy of activation (Ea) – True
facilitate diffusion – the diffusion of molecules across a membrane through transport proteins
Causation – A cause and effect relationship in which one variable controls the changes in another variable.
What is oxygen debt? – The incomplete breakdown of glucose, resulting in build up of lactic acid.
One dendritic cell can present antigen simultaneously to a CD4 T cell via MHC II, and to a CD8 T cell via MHC I.
Biosphere – Part of the earth that has all the ecosystems.
Which of the following passes high energy electrons into the electron transport chain? – NADH and FADH2
Saturated fats have no ______ bonds – double bonds
consumers – organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food
chromatin – The readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins.
disruptive selection – Form of natural selection in which a single curve splits into two; occurs when individuals at the upper and lower ends of a distribution curve have higher fitness than individuals near the middle.
One dendritic cell cаn present аntigen simultаneоusly tо a CD4 T cell via MHC II, and tо a CD8 T cell via MHC I.
Ribosomal RNA (r-RNA) – RNA that is a fundamental structural element of ribosomes

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