Glencoe Biology Chapter 15: Evolution

epiphysis – The rounded end of a long bone, which contains the joint structure used to attach it to another bone.
Shell – A tough, multilayered structure secreted by the mantle, generally used for protection, but sometimes for body support
Metric system – unit of measure based on factors of 10.
light-dependent reactions – part of photosynthesis that absorbs energy from sunlight and transfers energy to the light-independent reactions…
Species – A group of individuals that generally only interbreed with other members of the same group due to physical, behavioral, or geographical differences
Diploid number (2n) – The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
stroma – The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water.
Which multiple myeloma manifestation describes the formation of abnormal proteins in organ systems due to deposition of immunoglobulin light chains leading to kidney and renal dysfunction?
Pinocytic Vesicle – Vesicle formed at the plasma membrane to allow the absorption of large molecules
mineral – In nutrition, a simple inorganic nutrient that an organism requires for proper body functioning.
1. Mitogens
2. Growth factors
3. Survival factors – Extracellular molecules are soluble factors that are grouped into what three categories?
Starch – I am a polymer of glucose monomers, stored as granules within plastids. I represent stored energy in plants and am withdrawn by hydrolysis. Who am I?
thyroxine – A hormone produced by the thyroid gland.
Which multiple myelоmа mаnifestаtiоn describes the fоrmation of abnormal proteins in organ systems due to deposition of immunoglobulin light chains leading to kidney and renal dysfunction?
Uterus – The organ in the female reproductive system where the embryo is implanted, nourished, and where it develops until birth. The placenta forms here.
organ system – Group of organs that work together to perform a specific function.
Polar – a molecule with a slight charge due to differences in electronegativity
microfilaments – Long threads of the beadlike protein actin and are linked end to end and wrapped around each other like two strands of a rope.
Generation – The period of time, different for each species, required for the offspring of a population to progress to the adult (reproductive) stage.

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