assimilation – refers to interpreting a new experience in terms of an existing schema.In Piaget's theory.
visible spectrum – the tiny part of the electromagnetic spectrum to which our eyes are sensitive. The visible spectrum of other creatures may be slightly different from our own
Centration (9.30) – A preoperational thought pattern involving the inability to take into account more than one factor at a time.
correlation – measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other
basilar membrane – a thin strip of tissue sensitive to vibrations in the cochlea. The basilar membrane contains hair cells connected to neurons. When a sound wave causes the hair cells to vibrate, the associated neurons become exited. As a result, the sound waves are converted (transduced) into nerve activity
Clinical psychology – branch of psychology concerned with the study, assessment, and treatment of people with psychological disorders
Interaction – The interplay that occurs when the effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)
According to Skinner, the idea that personality traits influence behavior is
Somatic Nervous System – Controls voluntary muscle movement
Need for achievement – Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
Mnemonic devices – Strategies for enhancing memory.
Accоrding tо Skinner, the ideа thаt persоnаlity traits influence behavior is
Reward contrast effects – A sudden shift in the attractiveness of a reward
scapegoat theory – the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame.
Learning – The ability to comprehend something.
needs – forces that motivate people to satisfy states that they inherently require for biological and social statuses.