Biology Section 163: Plant Systems

Metabolism – Living things require energy (food, sunlight)
amino acids – the monomer (building block) for proteins
thylakoids – A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy to chemical energy.
chromatin – material that makes up chromosomes, a complex of proteins and DNA
radius – There are two bones on the arm the front one is called
eukaryote – A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles; An organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria
antagonists – The relaxed muscle in a pair that perform opposition actions.
Phenotype – Describes the physical characteristics of an organism with respect to a particular pair of alleles.
Hydroxyl (Alcohol) – -OH
They are found in Steroids, Alcohol, Carbohydrates and some amino acids.

Consists of a hydrogen atom bonded to an oxygen atom, which in turn is bonded to the carbon, called alcohols (-OH)

Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
Lysosome – An organelle that contains enzymes to break down large items in cells
metallic bonds – In a bond between metals, electrons are shared among a lattice of atoms.
Inflаmmаtiоn оf the renаl pelvis and the kidney
production efficiency – The fraction of energy stored in food that was not used for cell respiration.
Copies a molecule of DNA into a complementary strand of RNA – Transcription
passive transport – The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane without using energy.
gene mutation – involves a change in a single gene

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