Urban Planning Terms

eminent domain – take your land but with reason
What are the forces behind urban growth? – 1. Industrial revolution
2. Shift from cottage industries to factory production
3. Low-cost transportation
4. Place needed to perform commercial and manufacturing processes together
Gentrifi cation: – The rehabilitation and resettlement of
low- and moderate-income urban neighborhoods
by middle- and high-income professionals.
The Crossings (Mountain View, CA) – located in the city of Mountain View, 30 miles south of San Francisco, transformed a failing 1960s auto-oriented mall into a vibrant neighborhood that offers a variety of transportation options. These excellent transportation choices, combined with mix land uses, compact building designs, walkable neighborhoods, and the preservation of open space and area designate the Crossings as a smart growth area.
Su and Yamamoto's (2001) solutions – -critical coalitions, use similarities to present a unified front against adversity
-not just for short-term common interests, but to effect structural change
-build coalitions even if they don't serve our immediate self-interests
-Thai and Latina garment workers struggled to trust each other and their lawyer (Julie Su)
Star – Radiocentric form with open spaces between the out reaching corridors of development
Structural Racism – the interactions of various forms of institutional racism in larger social, economic, and political systems
Zürich Trams – "-form of public transit in the city of Zurich that serves most city neighborhood -supplemented by trolleybus and bus routes as well as two funicular railways and one rack railway -effective in the promoting of alternative forms of transportation and decreased car dependence"
Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities (NORCs) – Community that was not originally designed for seniors, but that has a large proportion of residents who are older adults (60+)
Communities not created to meet the needs of seniors living independently in their homes, but rather evolve naturally, as adult residents age in place
Help seniors stay connected and maintain vibrant community lives
Drainage – a system of pipes and passages that take away water or waste liquid from an area
What are the forces behind urban growth? – 1. Industrial revolution
2. Shift from cottage industries to factory production
3. Low-cost transportation
4. Place needed to perform commercial and manufacturing processes together
PDR – Purchase of Development Rights
what does the body wall consist of ? – muscle, vertebrae, and ribs
Nature-Deficit Disorder – a hypothesis by Richard Louv in his 2005 book "Last Child in the Woods" that human beings, especially children, are spending less time outdoors due to restricted access to natural areas and the lure of the screen and the result is a wide range of behavioral problems
LEON BATTISTA ALBERTI – remembered for his “ideal cities” – star shaped plans with street radiating from central point, usually proposed for a church, palace or castle
vacancy chain – a social structure through which resources are distributed to consumers. In a vacancy chain, a new resource unit that arrives into a population is taken by the first individual in line, who then leaves his/her old unit behind, this old unit is taken by a second individual, leaving his/her old unit behind, and so forth.
Easement – A grant by a property owner to the use of land by the public, a corporation, or persons for specific purposes as the construction of utilities, sidewalks, drainage ways, or roadways.
LEON BATTISTA ALBERTI – remembered for his "ideal cities" – star shaped plans with street radiating from central point, usually proposed for a church, palace or castle

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