Psychology Exam 1

Learning – The process of acquiring through experience new and relatively enduring information or behaviors.
grouping – the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups.
Level of significance (p) – The probability that a difference as great or greater than that observed would occur by chance if, in a larger population, there were no difference between the two means
imprinting – rigid, inflexible attachments demonstrated by some animal species (e.g. ducks, sheep)
case study – The researcher collects data about the subject through interviews, direct observation, psychological testing, or examination of documents and records about the subject.
English as a Second Language (ESL) Programs – Bilingual education programs which aim to use English as much as possible.
_____ distinguish your own body tissue from foreign objects.
self – an individuals awareness of their own personal characteristics and level of functioning
Variability – The extent to which the scores in a data set tend to vary from each other and from the mean.
genital – hang out with people in a productive manner
object permanence – the knowledge that an object exists even when it is not in sight
Phenylketonuria – Cannot produce an enzyme required for normal development (treatable)
effortful processing – encoding that requires attention conscious effort
_____ distinguish yоur оwn bоdy tissue from foreign objects.
hippocampus – the structure in the limbic system that has a special role in the storage of memories
Morpheme – in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning may be a word of part of a word (such as a prefix)

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