mere exposure effect – the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
disharmony between two people's beliefs which results in indifference – non-balance
Clustering – mnemonic device involving grouping items into categories
assimilation – the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
Endoctrine System – a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
Opponent process theory – Color perception depends on receptors that make antagonistic responses to three pairs of colors.
aphasia – serious speech deficit that renders a person unable to communicate effectively
Two kinds of external validity: generalizability across 1) ______, and generalizability across 2) people. – situations
Extrinsic motivation – The desire to engage in an activity to achieve an external consequence, such as a reward
Motivation – The inner drive to perform a particular behavior.
America is known for its health clubs and gyms, but around the world other cultures have found interesting ways to incorporate exercise in the cultural fabric. Which health and exercise trend is properly matched with its country of origin?
biological psychology (behavioral neuroscience) – branch of neuroscience that focuses on the biological bases of psychological processes, behavior, and learning
visual encoding – remembering images and visuals
G. Stanley Hall – student of William James who pioneered he study of child development and was the first president of the APA
Americа is knоwn fоr its heаlth clubs аnd gyms, but arоund the world other cultures have found interesting ways to incorporate exercise in the cultural fabric. Which health and exercise trend is properly matched with its country of origin?
conservation – the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
naturalistic observation – research method in which the psychologist observes the subject in a natural setting without interfering
EEG – An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweeps across the brain surfaces. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp.