Biology Ch03 Miller & Levine 2014 Mr Brown Whs The Biosphere

Cladogram – A diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits and that shows the evolutionary relationships between groups of organisms. Organisms more closely connected are more closely related.
data – Evidence; information gathered from observations.
cell wall – provides an extra barrier in plant cells
In glycolysis, ATP molecules are produced by _____. – substrate-level phosphorylation
Niche – All strategies and adaptations a species uses in its environment
food web – Linked food chains.
signal transduction – one of the six major protein functions in the membrane; occurs when an external messenger fits and causes the protein to change shape and relay a message into the inside of the cell
Translation – (i.e.) Protein synthesis from mRNA
sound – air rushes up from lungs to vocal chords which cause vibrations
Excision of the vulva
Microtubules – Spiral strands of protein molecules that form a tubelike structure
amino acids – The building blocks of proteins.
Excisiоn оf the vulvа
photosystem II – It is a back up system involved in cyclic photophosphorylation when there is not enough NADH.
lysosome – organelle that contains enzymes.
Homeostasis – The regulatory process in which an organism regulates its internal environment.
species – group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring
polysaccharide – large macromolecule formed from monosaccharides

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