Hrw Modern Biology Chapter 1 Vocab

photosynthesis – the process whereby simple sugars are formed from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of light and chlorophyll
haustoria – It is the hyphal tip used by parasitic fungi to penetrate the host's tissue, but remain outside of its cellular membrane.
Why does the left ventricle have a thicker muscle wall than the right ventricle? – It has to pump the blood further than the right ventricle, so needs to be more powerful.
Appendages – Jointed structures that grow out of the body of an animal
Phospholipid – A lipid in which one of the fatty acid molecules has been replaced by a molecule that contains a phosphate group
Phenomena – A fancy word for "events" or simply "something that happens" in the world. Examples: Hurricanes. Migration. Etc.
thylakoids – A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy to chemical energy.
Polyploidy – Having one or more extra sets of all chromosomes, which, in polyploid plants, can often result in greater size and better growth and survival.
passive immunity – Temporary immunity caused by the addition of antibodies from an outside source, such as a baby's immunity caused by antibodies contained in breast milk.
The purpose of endonucleases is to:  
Organ system – a group of multiple organs working together to perform a function
positive feedback – A control mechanism in which the products of a process stimulate the process that produced them.
cloning – A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copied from an original source (e.g.,DNA cloning,the transfer of a DNA fragment from one organism to a self‐replicating genetic element such as a bacterial plasmid;reproductive cloning, the transfer of genetic material from the nucleus of a donor adult cell to an egg cell that has had its nucleus removed for the purpose of creating an embryo that can produce an exact genetic copy of the donor organism; or therapeutic cloning,the process of taking undifferentiated embryonic cells[STEM cells]for use in medical research)
cortex – the outer cytoplasmic layer of a cell
aquaporins – a transport protein in the plasma membrane that facilitates diffusion of water through the membrane
The purpоse оf endоnucleаses is to:  
van der Waals forces – the attractive forces between the positive and negative regions of molecules that pull on the molecules and hold them together.
Hydrolysis – Pocess that is the reverse of dehydration synthesis. In __________, or water breakage, the bond between monomers is broken by the addition of a water molecule.
__ is th movement of molecules from high concentration to low consentration – diffusion

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