Biology Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled

acellular slime mold – slime mold that passes through a stage in which its cells fuse to form large cells with many nuclei
excretion – the removal from the body of the waste
products of metabolic pathways.
resting potential – The voltage across the plasma membrane of a resting neuron.
Fertilization – the union of two sex cells (gametes) during sexual reproduction
protein – biomolecule used for structure, made up of amino acids and contains CHON(S)
observation is – the act of noticing and describing events
Placenta – Lets the blood of the embryo and mother get very close and exchange food, oxygen and waste.
Algae and Protozoa belong to the kingdom – Protista
In comparison to other bacteria, mycoplasma are unusual because
Biology – The study of living things (bio=life and ology=study of)
Continuous movement of CARBON and OXYGEN through all of Earth's systems is the ________________. – Carbon Oxygen Cycle
Lysosomes – Vesicles that contain enzymes to break down proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and old organelles.
hypothesis – a proposed explanation for the way a particular aspect of the natural world functions
viruses – infectious particle made only of a strand of either DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat.
What are the 3 primary germ layers? – Ectoderm, Mesoderm, Endoderm
3 pyrimidines – Cytosine (C), thymine (T), and uracil (U).
In cоmpаrisоn tо other bаcteriа, mycoplasma are unusual because
sister chromatids – Two copies of a duplicated chromosome attached to each other by proteins at the centromere and, sometimes, along the arms. While joined, two sister chromatids make up one chromosome. Chromatids are eventually separated during mitosis or meiosis II.

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