Ap English Language And Composition: Rhetorical Devices

Anecdote – a short simple narrative of an incident; often used for humorous effect or to make a pointdata
Cliche – an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off
Dialect – a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation
Verbal irony – When you say something and mean the opposite/something different.
Theme – The central idea or "message" of a literary work.
Didactic Writing – whose purpose is to instruct or to teach; this work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns
Narration – the telling of a story in fiction, nonfiction, poetry; or drama; one of the four modes of discourse
Transition – A word or phrase that links different ideas. Used especially in expository or argumentative writing.
Theme – The central idea or “message” of a literary work.
Flashback – a literary device that serves as an interruption in the action to show a scene that took place earlier.
polysyndeton – sentence which uses and or another conjunction to separate the items in a series… Ex: X and Y and Z
synecdoche – A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole
Allusion – Reference to a famous person or event
basic topic – one of the four perspectives that Aristotle explained could be used to generate material about any subject matter; greater or less, possible and impossible, past fact and future pact.
assumption – An inference or conclusion.
oxymoron – fotm of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single, unusual expression
consonance – Broadly, the repetition of consonant sounds; more specifically, the repetition of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words.
analyze – to separate a subject into its parts. Two forms of this are PROCESS (breaking a process into steps) and DIVISION (breaking a complicated thing into smaller parts).
16. Cacophony – harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite of euphony.
Ex: "Quietly creeping down the hall, the floor creaks with each step."

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