Language And Education

What do daughter languages derive from? – mother languages
affective filter – a learner with a high degree of emotional inhibitions will have more difficulty with learning than a learner who is comfortable.
What is telegraphic speech? – Telegraphic speech is simplified speech or an early form of speech. This is usually a two-word sentence spoken by a 2-year old. First sentences consists of just enough words to get the meaning across – for example I cold.
Resources of Language – This phrase refers to all the devices of composition available to a writer, such as diction, syntax, sentence structure, and figures of speech. The cumulative effect of a work is produced by the resources of language a writer chooses.
interruption – beginning to speak while another conversational partner has the floor.
Denotation – The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion attitude, or color.
dialect – includes the elements pronunciation, grammar, and interactive features
Discuss language families and the classifications of them. – A language family is a group of languages that have been developed from a single ancestor. An example would be Indo-European, of which English is one of the many members. Language families are identified whenever a common origin can be accepted as certain. When a family origin is speculative or uncertain, it may be called a projected family, a proposed family, or a probable family.

Some linguists have tried to apply a biological method of classification of language families, following the genus, order, species model. They have classed languages as beginning with superficies, macrofamilies, stocks, super stocks, or phyla at the top. Below these would be subfamilies, branches, and groups. This attempt has proved faulty, as the classifications imply more than is known about family origins. It has been difficult and largely unaccepted to class language families in these descending modes of importance.

Romance languages – French, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, and Italian
Intermediate development stage – Period of language acquisition following the telegraphic stage and prior to the adult stage
Synesthesia – A psychological process whereby one kind of sensory stimulus evokes the subjective experience of another. For instance, the sight of ants may make you feel itchy. When used with reference to literature, it refers to the practice of associating two or more different senses in the same image. It speaks of one sensation in terms of another. Ex: a red hot coal evokes both color (sight) and heat (touch).
Conventionality – everybody who speaks a given language must agree to use the same lexicon and grammar. Otherwise it would be impossible to communicate (i.e. no one would understand if you started calling a window a mook)
Root – Is a morphine usually but not always a free morpheme
Conventionality – everybody who speaks a given language must agree to use the same lexicon and grammar. Otherwise it would be impossible to communicate (i.e. no one would understand if you started calling a window a mook)
Wernicke's Area – The area area in the temporal lobe of the left cerebral hemisphere (named for Carl Wernicke who first located it and proposed its connection with language) and farther back than Broca's area. This area controls understanding of words and the ability to converse with others.
phonology – the analysis of how sounds function in a language
WWI and WWII contributed to the standardization of accents through which of the following? – Radio broadcasting
Relative pronouns – Relate adjective clauses to the nouns or pronouns they modify.
Example: A basketball player who plays with intensity and skill gets a place in the starting line-up.
Phonation – The production of vocal tone through the vibration of the vocal folds

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