Chapter 7 Biology Cell Structure & Function

Competition – A symbiotic relationship that is considered to be density-dependent factor, where two or more organisms are rivals for resources, such as living space or food.
Mitochondria – The organelle that is the site of most respiration
glycolysis – The anaerobic process by which glucose is broken down into 2 pyruvic acids, hydrogens, electrons, and produces 2 ATP molecules.
6.4.4 Draw an label a diagram of the ventilation system, including trachea, lungs, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli –
basal metabolic rate (BMR) – The metabolic rate of a nongrowing, resting, fasting, nonstressed endotherm.
Extremophile – a kind of archaea whose habitat is found in extreme environmental conditions that are unfavorable to most other life on earth
A substance that binds to and activates a receptor mimicking the effect of a natural neurotransmitter is known as an ______________.
bivalve – an organism with two shells
atom – the smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an element
visible spectrum – The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that people can see. ROYGBIV, about 400-700 nm wavelengths
red alga – A member of a group of marine, mostly multicellular, autotrophic protists, which includes the reef-building coralline algae.
nutrient – Compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, maintenance, and functioning
mitochondria – An organelle in eukaryotic cells where cellular respiration occurs. Enclosed by two membranes, it is where most of the cell's ATP is made.
A substаnce thаt binds tо аnd activates a receptоr mimicking the effect оf a natural neurotransmitter is known as an ______________.
cell plate – the precursor to the cell wall during cytokinesis in plant cells
Dehydration – Kills most bacteria except those that form endospores in tough conditions.
Endoskeleton – Internal skeleton providing support and protection

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