self-serving bias – we like to skew our perceptions to make ourselves seem better, like attributing good things to ourselves and bad to the situation
Startle – Flings out the arms in response to a sudden noise
Consciousness (5.1) – The process by which the brain creates a model of internal and external experience.
Experimental Group – If we manipulate a variable in an ____ of people, then we see an effect.in an experiment, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable.
Schema – Organized knowledge structure or mental model that we've stored in memory.
Example of Positive Punishment – Yelling at the class for excessive talking
What are the primary components to the common-sense model of illness?
Social Learning – The theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
Nonconscious processes – Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing including both preconscious memories and unconscious processes.
Preoperational Stage – In Piaget's theory, the stage (ages 2-6 or 7) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
Interaction – A process by which forces work together or influence each other – as in the interaction between the forces of heredity and environment.
Sigmund Freud – (1856-1939) Eldest of four children in a Jewish family in Vienna, where anti-Semitism was a fact of life. Developed theory of sexuality during Victorian era, but emphasized aggressive aspect of personality at the end of his life, when Hitler was exterminating Jews and Freud was suffering great pain from terminal cancer
Whаt аre the primаry cоmpоnents tо the common-sense model of illness?
MMPI-2 (10.44) – A widely used personality assessment instrument that gives scores on ten important clinical traits.