Biology Chapter 19: The Evolution Of Vertebrate Diversity

integration – The interpretation of sensory signals within neural processing centers of the central nervous system.
selective permeability – condition or quality of allowing some, but not all, materials to cross a barrier or membrane.
cloaca – a muscular cavity at the end of the large intestine through which digestive wastes, urine, and eggs or sperm leave the body
Primary wall – a thin, flexible plant cell wall of cellulose, polysaccharides, and glycoproteins; allows growing cells to divide or change shape
Personal behavior – What you as an individual do, and how it affects the world around you.
cytoplasm – Based on its optimum pH, would you expect urease to work inside the gut or inside the cytoplasm?
codon – a three-nucleotide sequence on mRNA that codes for a single amino acid
umbilical cord – The membrane-covered bundle of blood vessels that connects a baby to the placenta.
POLYDACTYLISM, THE PRESENTATION OF EXTRA DIGITS ON HANDS AND FEET, IS CARRIED ON THE DOMINANT ALLELE. IN THE CASE OF TWO PARENTS WITH POLYDACTYLISM, WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THEIR OFFSPRING IS PREDICTED TO MANIFEST THE ANOMALY? – 75%
The parts of a virus – Protein coat (or viral envelope) & DNA or RNA (genome)
IgA is typically found as a dimer in high levels of secretions such as milk, tears, and saliva.  What is the primary function of IgA in secretions?
genetic entropy – A fundamental biological principle stating that, apart from intelligent intervention, the total functional information within living systems (excluding viruses) must decrease with time.
Inheritance – The process by which physical and biological characteristics are transmitted from the parents to the offspring.
Top consumer – the last consumer in a food chain; is not directly preyed upon
chloroplast – organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that uses chlorophyll to capture the energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy
The average hematocrits in males – 42-46%
cytoplasm – All of the structures outside of the nucleus, but inside of the cell membrane.
IgA is typicаlly fоund аs а dimer in high levels оf secretiоns such as milk, tears, and saliva.  What is the primary function of IgA in secretions?
eukaryotic cell – A type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. All organisms except bacteria and archaea are composed of these types of cells.
fact – Something that actually exists, that has been observed or experienced.
What are the three modes of passive transport? – 1. Diffusion
2. Facilitated Diffusion
3. Osmosis
The abilithy to survive and reproduce in an organisms specific environment – fitness
Clones – The identical offspring that result from asexual reproduction.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply