Exploring Creation With Biology 2nd Edition Vocabulary, Module #1

Chloroplasts – A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight to perform photosynthesis.
basal metabolic rate (BMR) – The number of kilocalories a resting animal requires to fuel its essential body processes for a given time.
isotonic – concentration of solutes outside the cell is equal to the solutes inside the cell
complete flower – A flower that has all four basic floral organs: sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels.
antibody – A protein dissolved in blood plasma that attaches to a specific kind of antigen and helps counter its effects.
Growth – an increase in the amount of living material and the formation of new structures.
cilia – Short, numerous cell projections that move rhythmically back and forth.
anaerobic organism – an organism that does not require oxygen
The membrane surrounding the nucleus – Nuclear Membrane
Inhalation occurs when alveolar pressure decreased below ______________.
P generation – The parent individuals from which offspring are derived in studies of inheritance; P stands for parental.
first law of thermodynamics – energy of the universe is constant; energy can be transferred or transformed, but it cannot be created or destroyed; also called the principle of conservation of energy
prokaryotic cell – a cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles
Parkinson's disease – A motor disorder caused by a progressive brain disease and characterized by difficulty in initiating movements, slowness of movement, and rigidity.
What three types of transport are considered passive transport? – diffusion, osmosis, & facilitated diffusion
deltoid – leaf that is triangular in shape
metaphase plate – an imaginary plane midway between the spindle's two poles where the centromeres of all the duplicated chromosomes line up in metaphase
Inhаlаtiоn оccurs when аlveоlar pressure decreased below ______________.
Consumption – Ecologically, it refers to human use of natural resources. At today's high levels, it has a significant and negative impact on the environment.

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