Ap Psychology Unit 12

Telegraphic Speech – early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram–'go car'–using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words
magical thinking – cognitive feature of preoperational children; unconstrained by adult understandings of reality, they may believe, for example, that it is possible to turn into a racecar
automatic processing – Unconscious encoding of incidental info.
chunking – The process of grouping similar or meaningful information together
Antianxiety drugs – A category of drugs that includes the barbiturates and benzodiazepines, drugs that diminish feelings of anxiety
Type A personality – Includes three elements: (1) a strong competitive orientation, (2) impatience and time urgency, and (3) anger and hostility
Extrinsic Motivation – A desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment.
Dendrites – The parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information.
Susan, a physician's assistant, always asks her patients how they are feeling today so that she can gain a measure of:
hypothesis – a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Plasticity – The brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizingafter damage or by building new pathways based on experience.
Standard Deviation – Mathematical measure of variance
descriptive statistics – Statistics that describe the results of a research study in a concise fashion
Basic anxiety – An emotion, proposed by Karen Horney, that gives a sense of uncertainty and loneliness in a hostile world and can lead to maladjustment
Susаn, а physiciаn's assistant, always asks her patients hоw they are feeling tоday sо that she can gain a measure of:
test derivado empiricamente – un test (como MMPI ) elaborado para poner a prueba una serie de items y luego seleccionar aquellos que discriminan entre los grupos
Dissociation – a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.
Nonverbal cues: 1) facial expressions, 2) _________, 3) gestures, 4) body position and movement, 5) the use of touch, 6) gaze. – tone of voice
nearsightedness – condition in which nearby objects are seen more clearly than distant objects because distant objects focus in front of the retina

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