Language And Linguistics Test 3

Explain the critical age of language acquisition – learning ability erodes as we get older
alphabetic abbreviations – similar to acronyms these are new words formed by the abbreviation of entire terms
hyponym – words that are more specific in English than in their counterparts in other languages
Bird-Brains – Learn vocal sounds
-bird songs differ in rhythm, frequency and tonal quality
-types of bird songs: continuous (long songs) vs. discontinuous (short songs)
-Song repertoire: from more than 200 songs in some species to 1 or 2 in others
-Birds like humans have "critical period" when they can learn songs in their infancy
proper nouns – nouns that name particular people, places, or things; are capitalized
Imagery – Sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions, typically related to the five senses. On a deeper level, one image can represent more than one thing. For example, a rose may present visual ______, while also representing the color in a woman's cheeks. In addition, this term can apply to all images in a work. On the AP exam, pay attention to how an author creates _____ and its effect.
context – the wider situation in which language appears
L1 transfer – When one's native language affects their second language.
future tense verb – used to express action that will take place in the future.

Example: Brian "will attend" tennis camp this summer.

when students study a foreign language how many areas of knowledge do they learn? – 1 area of knowledge
common pronouns – I, me, mine, my, we, us, our, ours, you, your, yours, he, she, him, her, his, it, them, them, their, theirs, its
sonorants – any speech sound that includes "humming" or voicing
antecedent – the noun which a pronoun refers to. Each pronoun must agree with its antecedent

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