Psychology: From Inquiry To Understanding: Chapter 11

Latent Learning – Learning in which a new behavior is acquired but is not demonstrated until some incentive is provided for displaying it (i.e.: CPR)
benzodiazepines – drugs that lessen anxiety, tension, agitation and panic attacks
As a child, Steven associated the smell of brownies with his grandmother, but when he got older this no longer happened. However, one day Steven went into a bakery, smelled fresh-baked brownies, and immediately thought of his grandmother. In terms of classical conditioning, Steven's thinking about his grandmother in the bakery illustrates which of the following? – spontaneous recovery
Oxytocin – female romantic love hormone
overconfidence bias – tendency to overestimate our ability to make predictions (a bias)
Neurobiological School of Psychology – Emphasizes that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with bodily events such as the firing of nerve cells in the brain or the release of hormones; This includes studying the brain, hormones and genes to explain behavior
Jim is in emotional pain and disharmony. Which of the Four Noble Truths is he experiencing?
Giftedness – Often conceived as representing the upper 2% of the IQ range, commencing about 30 points above average (at about 130 IQ points)
Latent content – according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its manifest content). Freud believed that a dream's latent content functions as a safety value
Jim is in emоtiоnаl pаin аnd disharmоny. Which of the Four Noble Truths is he experiencing?
Stages of Sleep Cycle – Four stages in the NREM sleep where stage 4 is the deepest sleep
Stage 1: Alpha Waves
Stage 2: Spindles (small bursts of brain activity)
Stage 3:Delta Waves
Stage 4: Delta Waves
Medical Model – the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured
Bandura – pioneer of Observational learning

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