Apologia Biology Module 5: The Chemistry Of Life (2nd Edition)

chloroplast – organelle composed of numerous membranes that are used to convert solar energy into chemical energy; contains chlorophyll.
acetyl CoA – The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular respiration; formed from
a fragment of pyruvate attached to a coenzyme.
Riboflavin – This is what absorbs the light in plants
Calculate molarities and percentages of aqueous solutions – …
Catalyst – A substance that alters the speed of a chemical reaction but is not used up in the process
grey matter – The portions of the central nervous system that are abundant in cell bodies of neurons rather than axons. Unmyelinated.
Which endocrine gland secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine? – the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
molecule – Two or more atoms of the same or different types bound together chemically in one unit.
Saturated fat – If a fatty acid chain in a lipid contains the maximum number of hydrogen molecules it is said to be saturated. They form long straight chains, can be packed together closely, due to the strong intermolecular forces between triglyceride's made of saturated fats, are solid at room temperature.
The layer indicated by “X” is the:
organic chemistry – The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
quantitative – Observations that involve numbers, for example, counting or measuring objects; there are seven birds at the feeder.
The lаyer indicаted by “X” is the:
echinoderm – Member of a phylum of slow-moving or sessile marine animals characterized by a rough or spiny skin, a water vascular system, an endoskeleton, and radial symmetry in adults. Echinoderms include sea stars, sea urchins, and sand dollars.
Mitochondria – An organelle in eukaryotic cells that serves as the site of aerobic cellular respiration (oxidative respiration); uses oxygen to break down organic molecules and synthesize ATP
Energy from respiration is used to – chemically bond small molecules together to make large ones (protein)
movement of muscle
maintain body temperature
in plants to make amino acids and protein
nerve deafness – Caused by malfunction of, or damage to the cochlea, auditory nerve, or brain.

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