Ch 3 Biology Vocabulary

organism develop in different ways to perform particular functions within the organism, which is called ____ – differentation
nucleolus – small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins
Protein synthesis – A formation of proteins using information coded on DNA and carried by RNA
Nuclear Envelope – The double-membrane system surrounding the nucleus of eukaryotic cells; the outer membrane is typically continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum.
What are the advantages of biological control? – There is no need for chemical pesticides and repeated treatment.
Cytoskeleton – A network of long protein strands in the cytosolthat helps maintain the size and shape of the eukaryotic cell
mass number – the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
axon – Long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron.
The combining form for gall, bile is
Amino acid – a monomer of a protein consisting of a central carbon, a hydrogen atom, an amino group, a carboxylic acid, and a variable R group
Anabolic/cataboic – Stimulates protien synthesis, muscle growth and insulin/ breaks down molecules into smaller units
7.1.2 – Outline the structure of nucleosomes. – A nucleosome consists of DNA wrapped around eight histone proteins and held together by another histone protein.
double helix – The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynucleotide strands interwound into a spiral shape.
biotic – living or once living factors in an ecosytem
The cоmbining fоrm fоr gаll, bile is
phospholipid – a molecule composed of a charged phosphate group, a glycerol and two fatty acid chains
Developmental homology – the similar features in the embryos of different organisms resulting from common ancestry

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